Hallux Valgus (Bunion)

A hallux valgus deformity, commonly called a bunion, is when there is medial deviation of the first metatarsal and lateral deviation of the great toe (hallux). There is also prominence, with or without medial soft-tissue enlargement of the first metatarsal head. The condition can lead to painful motion of the joint and shoe wear difficulty. Women are more likely to have a bunion than men at 70% percentage. There are several reasons for this disease.


More than 60% of the patients state that either of their parents had a bunion. Inheritance in this case depends highly on genetics, how inclined their children are to inherit any anatomical deformation eg. flat-feet, which might lead to bunion formation.


Metatarsalgia is a generic term used to describe pain in the bottom of the feet, at the point just before the toes at the heads of the metatarsals (the ball of the foot) and can be described by patients as a deep and stable, acute, sharp and sometimes burning pain. Metatarsalgia is not a disease itself, but rather a symptom of pain on the specific area. Women over thirty who wear tight, pointed or high-heeled shoes are more likely to suffer from metatarsalgia. The severity of the pain can vary and may affect just one or two toes due to bone and joint lesion, soft tissue and fibrous joint lesions.


The main symptom is a type of pain and inflammation that occurs in the part of the foot known as the metatarsal (ball of foot). It often occurs in the metatarsal heads - where the three middle toes meet the ball of the foot. It is a common problem which can affect the bones and joints of the metatarsals. Most commonly, the first metatarsal head is affected - the ball of the foot just behind the big toe or can be expanded to the rest of metatarsals or even to the tips of toes in chronic cases.


Pternalgia or heel pain is a very common foot problem. The sufferer usually feels pain either under the heel or just behind it, where the Achilles tendon connects to the heel bone. It is one of the most common causes of foot pain for athletes, especially, runners. The cause for this is usually plantar fasciitis, a painful inflammation of the fibrous band of connective tissue (plantar fascia). The plantar fascia is a strong bowstring-like ligament that runs from the calcaneum (heel bone) to the tip of the foot. When the plantar fasciitis is stretched too far its soft tissue fibers become inflamed, usually where it attaches to the heel bone.





BD14 6BB

         01274 880090
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